Preschool children (3 to 5 years old) with language disorders may have trouble understanding and talking.
Some children have problems with understanding, also called receptive language. They may have trouble:
- Understanding what gestures mean
- Following directions
- Answering questions
- Identifying objects and pictures
- Taking turns when talking with others
Some children have problems talking, also called expressive language. They may have trouble:
- Asking questions
- Naming objects
- Using gestures
- Putting words together into sentences
- Learning songs and rhymes
- Using correct pronouns, like "he" or "they"
- Knowing how to start a conversation and keep it going
NOTE: Many children have problems with both understanding and talking.
Some children also have trouble with early reading and writing, such as:
- Holding a book right side up
- Looking at pictures in a book and turning pages
- Telling a story with a beginning, a middle, and an end
- Naming letters and numbers
- Learning the alphabet
Early Signs of possible language problems:
- Doesn't smile or interact with others (birth-3 months)
- Does not babble (4-7 months)
- Makes few sounds (7-12 months)
- Does not use gestures , e.g. waving, pointing (7-12 months)
- Doesn't understand what others say (7 months-2 years)
- Says only a few words (12-18 months)
- Doesn't put words together to make sentences (1 1/2 - 3 years)
- Has trouble playing and talking with other children (2-3 years)
- Doesn't show an interest in books or drawing (2 1/2 -3 years)
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How Does Your Child Hear and Talk?
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Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)